My favorite line from that day occurred when Jackson said he had recently visited some very high-performing nations. At each stop, he asked authorities: “What do you do about bad teachers?” They consistently replied: “We help them.” He then asked: “What do you do when they don’t improve?” They answered unhesitatingly: “We help them more.”

How can you seriously expect to improve educational outcomes in this country with a mindset like this? Was the solution to New York City’s rubber rooms to provide those teachers with more help?